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132 thoughts on “The Brew Guru

  1. Russell Mitchell

    Hello, Mr or Mrs Guru, Firstly thank you for creating this forum and indulging this amature brewers ramblings. I have been brewing for about three years now, and have a little recipe thats been a real hit with myself and my friends, except in the respect of head quality. It is simply a Morgans Royal Oak Amber Ale 1.7 kg kit with a Morgans Caramalt Master Malt 1.5kg and nothing more. I ferment at 24 degrees (very stable control using a submersible fish tank heater in the carboy) then bottle and secondary ferment in styrofoam boxes on top of a water bed heating pad (also thermostatically controlled at 24 degrees) then condition for 3 months in a cuboard which usually sits at about 5 to 10 degrees. The resulting brew is as i said always a hit and reminicent of a Chimay Rouge, but to finally get to my problem, for a darker thicker beer, it holds only a very thin head where as i belive it would benifit from a thicker creamier head. Do you think the problem is the higher ferment temperature (which i find adds a nice sharpness to to the beer without the need for excessive hops) or a water quality problem (generally just being tap water, boiled to try to remove chlorine) or will this style of beer just not accept a finer gassing? I have also considered a slightly larger than normal amount of priming sugar, but using glass bottles i am wary of this (currently i prime with dextrose as i have found it gives a slightly finer gas). I have also ruled out my cleaning/sterilizing procedures by many experiments. Thank you again for taking the time to ponder my dilema, any advice you can give would be greatly appreciated and i look forward to your reply. Also feel free to pinch this recipe or give it a go, for such a simple idea results are fantastic, and can be made in a more hopped version by using a Morgans Blue Mountains Lager with a safale lager yeast and low temp ferment. Anyway, A final thanks and goodbye.

  2. The Brew Guru

    G’day Russell, it’s great to hear that you are enjoying your brewing!
    Your submission raises a number of points, which I shall attempt to address in order. Finally, I shall answer your question, “How to improve head retention”.
    We do not recommend immersing anything into the brew, including fish tank heaters, as this increases the risk of spoilage. If you must heat the brew, use an external heating source such as a heat-belt or heat-pad (placed beside the fermenter not directly under it). In most cases, a brew only needs to be insulated to keep the temperature at or above 18C.

    You don’t mention how long the bottles sit during secondary fermentation. It’s a good idea to leave them for at least 14 days.

    The conditioning temperature is a bit low for secondary fermented ale. Look to get the temperature up to at least 16C.

    If your brew reminds you of a Chimay (you also mention a “sharpness”), you may be detecting flavours/aromas caused by organisms other than the ale yeast supplied.

    We recommend using PET or sturdy glass bottles designed specifically for re-use

    Dextrose (or Dextrose Monohydrate) has some of its weight made up with water molecules and will not produce as much CO2 gas as the equivalent weight of white sugar. Prime with white sugar at the rate of 8g per litre or 9 to10 g per litre if using dextrose.

    You may see an improvement in head retention by doing the following:
    Make sure to rinse all residual detergents out of the fermenter.
    Increase the amount of hop bitterness in the brew.
    Make sure to prime at the recommended rate.
    Extend the conditioning period of the beer (a brew at 12mths shows better head retention that at 3 mths).
    Serve the beer in clean glassware at 4C or less.

    Brew Guru

  3. darren

    right once and for all!!! what is the best temperature to lager at? same as fermentation? (i.e 12 degrees) or below 4 degrees?

  4. Darren Grieve

    Hello bre guru, i would love some advice on how to brew genuine quality lagers. I have been brewing for about two years and i find that while my pale and amber ales are fantastic, my lagers are a bit hit and miss. I have a temperature controlled fridge which i set at 12 degrees to ferment my lagers, and of late i have been turning it up to 20 degrees when fermentation is close to finished in order to give my lagers a diacetyl rest. But where i get confused is in relation to what temperature to mature or “lager” my beers at. My understanding is that commercial breweries chill the beer to at or below 4 degrees after fermentation is complete, and in fact this is where the term “lager” comes from as the germans would leave the beer to mature in very cold caves during winter and lager literally translates as cold storage. One of my local home brew shops recommends this method, after the diacetyl rest syphon into an intermediate vessell and chill below 4 degrees for about 4 weeks before kegging or bottling. But another home brew shop i like to visit is totally adamant that you must mature your beer at the same temperature that you ferment at, so for lagers that is 12 degrees, and that by chilling the beer below the range that the yeast will remain active you are preventing maturation from taking place at all. This advice has certainly worked for my ales, if i ferment and mature at about 20 degrees i almost always end up with a nice ale, but all the research i have done on lager brewing suggests that maturation of lagers occurs at near freezing temperatures. And i have recently purchased a beer filter system, and i am curious as to whether this will improve my kegged lagers or not. Could you please tell me what is true and what is false and give me any other advice you think might help. Thanking you in advance!!!

  5. The Brew Guru

    G’day Darren, thanks for your questions (I assume the previous question, regarding best temperature to lager, is yours as well). Firstly, well done! Setting yourself up with temperature controlled fermentation is a big step toward consistent high quality brews. You say that your “lagers are a bit hit and miss”. Perhaps you can describe the “misses” in more detail – appearance, aroma and taste? The beer should be of reasonable quality prior to lagering. Have a smell and a taste. The cause may not be due to your lagering technique and using a filter, while reducing the yeast in suspension, may not necessarily improve the beer. Commercial Breweries generally lager around the -1C to 0C mark, but for us homebrewers, getting the brew down to 4C or less should suffice. Some other points to think about:
    1. be meticulous with cleaning and sanitising,
    2. use the freshest ingredients possible,
    3. ensure an adequate yeast pitching rate for low temp ferments,
    4. minimise aeration of the brew when transferring.

  6. Mick

    How much water to add to the Brew Cellar recipes?

    I am unsure on how much water to add to the Little Creatures Pale Ale Recipe kit that I bought yesterday.

    Thanks Guru

  7. The Brew Guru

    G’day Mick, All recipes in the “BREW Cellar Recipes Series One” brochure are formulated as 23 litre brews.

  8. Darren Grieve

    thankyou for your response to my previous post, it confirmed many of my assumptions. I think perhaps the points you made about yeast pitching rates and minimising aeration during transfer were the most significant from my point of view, i realised that most of the lagers i have made using the brew cellar’s 15g european lager yeast (how’s this for a free plug!) and starting it in a 1 litre bottle with a tablespoon of of light dry malt and a little bit of yeast nutrient with some chilled boiled water, allowing it to come up to 12 degrees for about 2 hours and then making up my wort have worked better than those 7g lager yeast packs or the liquid yeast vials and i suppose that comes down to having a larger yeast population when you pitch into a wort at 12 degrees. And i have re thought the process of transfering from my intermediate vessel into my kegs in order to ensure minimal aeration of the brew and i am quite sure the method i am using now is better. On the weekend my housemate and i threw a little shindig and i had on tap a Morgan’s Chairman’s Selection Scharls European lager, made with 1 kg Morgan’s liquid lager malt, 250g’s Carapils grain, dry hopped with 12g of hersbrucker hops and the white labs chech pilsner liquid yeast. I fermented at 12 degrees, gave a diacetyl rest at 20 degrees just before fermentation reached f.g, allowed it to come up to 20 degrees which took about 5 days, then syphoned into an intermediate vessel and chilled below 4 degrees for 4 weeks before transfering into a keg, then filtered and carbonated the next day. One of the guests we had was a beer distributor who was quite keen to sample my work, and both myself and my distinguisted guest thought that while the beer wasn’t bad, it tasted a little bit immature. So i wonder if there is any merit to giving the intermediate vessel a week or 2 at 12 degrees after syphoning out of the fermenter before chilling below 4 degrees? Before i bought the keg system i would always keep my bottles at 12 degrees for as long as possible in order to allow secondary fermentation to occur while at the same time trying to minimise diacetyl production. Can you tell me if i’m on the right track or have i missed the point completely!!! Thanking you again

  9. The Brew Guru

    G’day Darren,

    I have two points in response to your most recent post.
    1. I think your re-hydration temp of 12C is too low. From the Fermentis site – Fermentis recommends that top fermenting/ale yeasts are rehydrated at a temperature between 25-29°C (77-84°F) and that bottom fermenting/lager yeasts are rehydrated at a temperature range between 21-25°C (69-77°F).
    2. You are not pitching massive amounts of yeast so I would like to see you start the brew at 22C-24C then drop it to his preferred ferment temp after 12hrs have elapsed. This technique will, hopefully, increase the amount of healthy yeast cells available to ferment the brew. In turn giving cleaner flavour and aroma.

    The Brew Guru

  10. Peter Kemp

    Hi Brew Guru,
    I am interested in moving onto a keg system and the 12 litre would fit nicley in the fridge i have.
    Can the keg charger with the co2 bulb be enough to carbonate the beer or do i need the regulator and co2 gas bottle to achieve this.

  11. The Brew Guru

    G’day Peter,
    If force carbonating, you will go through a number of CO2 bulbs in order to put enough fizz into the beer. This could become an expensive exercise and a regulator plus gas bottle would be a better option. However, you may want to look at secondary fermentation in the keg (adding a little priming sugar). Secondary fermentation should take about 2 weeks. You can then stick the keg in the fridge. After 24 hrs release the head pressure through the pressure relief valve, attach the beer out line and pour beers, then give a squirt of the CO2 bulb from time to time to keep sufficient gas on the headspace and push the beer out of the tap. Using this method, the first 2 or 3 glasses will be a bit cloudy but it will pour bright soon enough.
    Cheers, The Brew Guru

  12. Adam

    Hello to the Guru
    I have purchased the ingredients to the Medieval Honey Chamomile Amber you mentioned in Vol. 4 of the Brew Cellar News – 3.0kg Amber Malt Extract, 150 gms Light Crystal Malt, 0.6 kg Yellow box honey, 30 gms Fuggles Hop pellets, 30 gms Fuggles Hop pellets 125 gms French Oak Chips, 9 x Chamomile Tea bags 2 x Morgan’s Premium Ale Yeast. The one thing I am missing is the detail around the method – you mention the boiling in 20lt and adding certain ingredients at certain times but this will mean that there will be quite a bit of material in the beer – do I need to strain it or when boiling have the Oak Chips etc.. in some sort of wire “tea bag”? Also can I boil all of in a say 10lt than add it to the remaining 10lt?
    Just need some more detail around the method please – hope you can help?
    Cheers Adam

  13. matt

    gday guru,
    you seem to know more about DRY ENZYMES than anyone in my brew world.
    so , how much of the sugars do they break down?
    do they break down maltodextrin?
    do they break all of the carbs in light dry malt?
    if i made an average kit with 500grams of LDM and a dry enzyme could you give me an idea of how many carbs per 100ml?
    rough guess?
    cheers mate

  14. The Brew Guru

    G’day Adam,

    “I have to admit, although it’s a very interesting recipe, I have not made this brew.

    However, this doesn’t stop me from making some comments…

    As the recipe stands, not only will there be quite a lot of material but there will be a very large volume of wort that requires cooling quickly to yeast pitching temperature.

    At the risk of making a whatsit out of U and ME, I will assume that you, like most home brewers, do not have the equipment to cope with cooling a large volume of wort quickly.

    Assumption made, try using this method:
    1. Bring 2 litres of water and the honey to the boil then add the first 30g of fuggles and continue the boil for 30mins,
    2. Add the cracked crystal malt (if not already cracked use a rolling pin and grease proof paper) and the remaining 30g of fuggles and boil for 15mins,
    3. Add the tea bags then remove from the heat and leave to steep with the lid on for about an hour.
    4. Meantime, pour 1 litre of boiling water over the oak chips, stir for a bit then cover and leave to steep.
    5. Strain the (honey/fuggles/crystal malt/chamomile) stew into the fermenting tub, add the amber malt and stir to dissolve.
    6. Add the oak chip tea, oak chips and all. Top up with cool water (might be a good idea to have 5 litres fridge cold) to the 20 litre mark.
    7. Stir vigorously then sprinkle on the yeast and ferment as normal.

    The oak chips should remain afloat, so when you are ready to bottle they won’t foul the flow through the tap.”


    The Brew Guru

  15. The Brew Guru

    G’day Matt,
    Enzyme (in dry or liquid form) will continue to work on all carbohydrate material within the brew, breaking it down into simple sugars for the yeast to metabolise.
    The more complex the carbohydrates, the longer the process takes.
    We homebrewers do not have the ability to stop enzymatic activity – this requires pasteurising the finished beer, which also kills the yeast and prevents secondary fermentation.
    For this reason, when using enzyme in the brew, I urge you to use PET bottles or kegs (with a pressure relief valve) rather than glass.
    The use of maltodextrin and enzyme in the same brew is contradictory – maltodextrin gives more body to the brew while enzyme is used to reduce the body.
    Enzyme should break down the complex sugars in the Beer Kit and the Light Dry Malt, leaving as little as 1g of carbohydrate per 100ml, rough guess!
    Make sure to allow a few days longer for fermentation to finish, stable SG readings over 3 days (I normally say 2), to be sure.

    The Brew Guru

  16. matt

    Thanks heaps mate!
    i dont use them anymore, but friends n relo’s do!
    ill let them know, it was frustrating me that question!

  17. mark

    G’day guru i was wondering what would happen if i put 250g more Dextros that was needed in the
    wort. Would it effect my brew?

  18. The Brew Guru

    G’day Mark,
    Assuming 250g of Dextrose is added to a 23ltr brew, it will increase the alcohol by about 0.5% and thin the brew a smidge.

    The Brew Guru

  19. john

    G’Day Guru Can you tell me what is the lowest temp Brew Cellar European Lager Yeast will work at.
    Will it perform at 7 c or is that too cold?

  20. mark

    Cheers mate.
    Now I know it will not effect my brew, I’ll give it a go next brew and see how it goes.

    Thanks again.

  21. sean

    hi , I am looking at converting to a keg system instead of bottling stubbies. Can you store a co2 bottle with regulater in the refrigerater with the kegs? Is this safe? Does it affect the process at all? Cheers Sean

  22. The Brew Guru

    G’day John,
    RE: Yeast temp…I recommend European Lager yeast to ferment in the range of 12C – 15C. It will ferment at a lower temperature but no lower than 9C. At 7C, there is a good chance that it will fall out of suspension.

    The Brew Guru

  23. Maca

    G’day Guru,
    I have tried and enjoyed some of your recipes, but what I’d really like to get close to is a Hofbrau Original. Any Pointers?
    Thanks and Cheers

  24. John

    G’Day Guru,

    I recently started brewing my 3rd home brew, this time I used the Coopers European Lager. It was only once I had a proper look at the can/brew kit that I noticed it recommended to keep the brew in the bottles for 12 weeks. That means I won’t be drinking my brew til late July/early August! Is this right or is that a really cautious recommendation by Coopers?

    They also say to not use white sugar with European Lager, right/wrong?

  25. The Brew Guru

    G’day Maca,
    I haven’t analysed or tasted this beer. There is a good chance that it’s of similar style to most “green bottle lagers”. So, the Becks recipe (BREW Cellar Beer Recipes – Series One) might be a good start.

    The Brew Guru

  26. The Brew Guru

    G’day John,
    It’s a good idea to follow the manufacturer’s instructions/recommendations when making up a beer kit for the first time. Once made and evaluated, decide for yourself whether to modify the recipe for next time. Any deviation from the instructions – including sugar additions, ferment temperature and conditioning time – is likely to move the final beer away from the intended style.
    The Brew Guru

  27. mark

    G’day guru,
    I have just started brewing with the recipes and my beer comes out with a greenish colour and it has a strong hops tast.
    How can I make a beutiful bronze looking beer with the tast to match?

  28. Brew Guru

    G’day Mark,

    Perhaps you could try reducing the amount of hops added. What is the recipe, exactly?
    Do you have a particular commercial beer in mind?

    The Brew Guru

  29. mark

    I’ve been trying Toohey Extra dry with the seperate ingredients.
    The hops I have been using is the Brew Cellar 12g cluster infused bag, and I put that in a mug of boiled water for about 10 minuts. It will look bronze for 20-24 hours then it goes greenish untill I bottle it.

  30. Dan

    G’day Guru,
    Just wondering on some tips on gassing a 50l cub keg. Have been having trouble in the past. What pressures and for how long while gassing? . What pressure do i need for pouring?. Do i leave gas on a certain pressure while not in use. Does anything change as the keg gets emptier? I use 2m of 5mm beer line and run fridge at about 3 degrees. Any tips would be greatly appreciated.

  31. matt

    G’day guru,
    I have one of your standard 23 litre home brew kits and in these colder months i am wondering about keep the brews warm [cheaply].

  32. Brew Guru

    G’day Matt,

    You can’t go past the BREW Cellar heat pad or heat belt. I use them myself and they are brilliant.
    Your local BREW Cellar stockist has them.


    The Brew Guru

  33. Darren

    Hello guru
    I would like to step up from my 25 litre fermenter to the 60 litre fermenter,how do I do the math for the sugar/water and concentrate.I usually make a lager.Darren

  34. Brew Guru

    G’day Darren,

    It’s simply a matter of doubling the recipe.
    Make 46 litre brews in a 60 litre fermenting vessel.

    The Brew Guru

  35. Nick

    Hi Brew Guru,

    I have been given some native bee honey and i would like to make a honey beer with it.
    The honey is a darkish amber colour and has mango aroma and slight mango taste.
    Can you please give me some direction as to how i can go about using it in my brew as i have never done this before.


  36. josh

    g’day guru i am a first time homebrewer and i am attempting to make my favourite beer tooheys
    extra dry i have been able to get all the ingreedients from my local homebrew supplier bar one and
    my local home brew guy cant get it either it is amalyese enzyme do you have any idea where i could
    find some and how much it will cost and also your preffered method of getting that “clean crisp taste”
    cheers josh

  37. josh

    also after fermenting in the fermenting tub thing when you go to put the brew into bottles
    do you put sugar or carbination drops in the bottle first or what goes on i am getting very confused
    with all the different info and the vague instructions that come with the kits dont help much
    so if possible could you maybe give me a step by step guide to brew so i dont bugger it up
    cheers josh

  38. Brew Guru

    Hi Josh,

    Which starter kit did you get?
    The BREW Cellar starter kit has excellent instructions.
    I would be happy to help you however so send an email to the BREW Cellar team and we will send you some further instructions.

    The Brew Guru

  39. josh

    g’day guru josh here again tried to email you but my computer wont allow it atm i will try again later
    however i did go out and buy a BREWcellar homebrew kit just yesterday and found the instructions to be very good and have made the brew that came with the kit morgans lager firstly fermentation is progessing well exactly as the instructions say it should the (sg) is exactly what the instructions say it should be allowing for the miniscus of course and it all seems to be going well i have a heat pad for reptiles witch is now sitting under my 23 litre (keg?) that you get with the kit for these colder months to keep it above 20c it is sitting between 22c and 26c cepending on how warm the day is the changes in temp wont effect my brew will they? how do you think everything is proceeding for my irst try? also on this website the recipie for tooheys extra dry does not mention amalyese enzyme where as the brew cellar recipies 1 that i got with my kit says that you do need it so whats the final verdict and where can i get some? also if you could send me some further instructions on the finer points of making a brew to be proud of could you just email them to me at (EMAIL ADDRESS WITHHELD) thanking you josh

  40. Brew Guru

    Re: Honey Beer
    G’day Nick,
    Try using about 350g in a brew. This equates to about 250g of sugar – it should ferment in a similar way to malt extract.
    To be safe, mix with 1 litre of water and heat it up just short of boiling. This will sterilise the honey. Then add it to the FV.

    The Brew Guru

  41. Brew Guru

    G’day Josh,

    If you are able to control temperature, go for the lower end of the recommended fermenting range.
    Large changes in temperature can adversely affect your brew but don’t be too concerned with a 4 degree swing.
    Enzyme breaks down more complex carbohydrate into simple sugars, allowing the yeast to fermenting the brew more thoroughly, FG of 1002 or less. We have a BREW Cellar brand enzyme. However, Tooheys Extra Dry is not a low carbohydrate beer.


    The Brew Guru

  42. sammy

    Gday Guru

    i live in Bali and am over Bintang. For argument sake i think it would be a similar climate to CAirns or Broome. What would be some good home brews to get going up here and any other pointers to make a good brew? i currently ferment in an aircon’ed room at about 24 degrees. I could do it outside but that would be at about 29 degrees. thanks any advice is appreciated.

  43. Brew Guru

    G’day Sammy in Bali,

    At 24C any brew with ale yeast will be fine. Tell me what style off beer would you like to make and I will suggest some recipes.


    The Brew Guru

  44. sammy

    My next batch i am trying is coopers but a carona recipe would be great. i did my first batch last week and it was one of the tooheys new kits – now realise lager probably not the best choice for hot environment. ready for bottling on saturday so fingers crossed.

    thansk guru

  45. sol sweeney

    Brew cellar premium yeasts use by dates.
    I cannot find / decode the use by on these yeasts,
    e.g. a stamp on the back on an american ale yeast
    reads :
    ? should there be a seperate use by sticker on these yeasts ?
    have used the American and English ale yeasts before,
    with great success, however have a 12+ hour apparent lag phase with this one.
    Any info greatly appreciated.

  46. terry

    hi just wondering when i should add the packet of body blend #10 to my brew mix

  47. Brew Guru

    G’day Terry,

    Follow the instructions on your can and add the Body Blend #10 instead of your normal dextrose or sugar. So if you would normally put 1kg of dextrose in, put the Body Blend instead.

    The Brew Guru

  48. Ben

    I have two brews on at the moment (now for 16days) and they have both started well with good bubble for four days and stopped at about 1018. One is a Morgans Blue Mountain with Liquid Lite Malt and the other your Golden Ale recipe. I have them in the garage and at the moment the temp is between 9-16 degrees. I have considered heating, bottleing, and add a new yeast?

  49. Russ

    Hi Guru when sterilising the stubbies prior to bottling can you do it the day before or should it be done just before you bottle and allow them to drain slightly and pour immediately.

  50. Brew Guru

    G’day Russ,
    RE: Bottle Cleaning
    If you use a product such as ‘Morgan’s Sanitize’…all you need to do is use the 30ml/1ltr mix and you are good to go…you don’t even need to rinse!


    The Brew Guru

  51. mark

    I have a coopers dark ale kit and wondering which coopers malt extract to team it with (ie amber or dark) and also wonder if it would benefit from a brew enhancer suger blend or just dextrose?


  52. Anonymous

    G’day Mark,
    Try using the BREW Cellar # 15 Ultra Blend with that Coopers dark ale. It will give you a nice creamy head.

    The Brew Guru

  53. Mash

    I had forgotten that i had put a batch down 5 months ago & have just realised it was still in the fermenter. Q Will the brew be affected in any way because of the length of the fermentation, the reading was 1000. It taste a little thin but I havent carbonated it yet.

  54. Anonymous

    G’day Mash,
    If you are happy with the taste and smell, that is all that matters. There may be very little yeast in suspension for a secondary fermentation to take place but if you plan to force carbonate in a keg it should be fine.

    The Brew Guru

  55. Shaun Wade

    Hi Guru.

    Just wanted some advice on SG reading for the following receipe

    Morgans Blue Mountain Lager (used kit yeast)
    1Kg Ultra Brew
    12g Hallertau Hops

    I put this down last Wednesday, hot day in Brissy and started at 28C and was hummy away beautifully for a day or so. Now we have struck a cold wet snap and is running at 23C and has all but stopped bubbling (every 3 to 4 minutes). My SG readings are 1020 for the last two days, is this a sign that yeast has gone into a dormant state or is the normal and I should just be patient with it.

    Thanks in advance.


  56. The Brew Guru

    G’day Shaun,

    Ignore the airlock, 23C is more than enough to keep fermentation going but 1020 is a bit high. What was the date code on the BML kit?

    Give it a few more days and take another SG reading.

    If still at 1020 you have a couple of options:
    1. Bottle into PET bottles, then if they become overpressured it is a simple task to release some gas.
    2. Add another yeast sachet, hydrate it in a cup of tepid water for 15 -30mins prior to gently stirring it in. Then leave it for a few more days and check the SG.
    The Brew Guru

  57. Shaun Wade

    Hi Guru.

    Got the same reading two days later so bit the bullet and bottle in PET. Been checking them each day and so far so good.

    Cant remeber what the date was on the BML but I do remember making sure it was still in date and it was fine.

    I am about to put down another brew, IPA by Coopers, might hydrate the yeast as you say to make sure it gets off to a quick start.



  58. Peter Michie

    I am attempting to improve my lagers by brewing with a European Lager Yeast at about 12 C, then lagering at about 4 C before bottling (not a keg). However the previous attempt resulted in a very flat beer presumably because the yeast was either killed or fell out of suspension so there was negligible secondary fermentation. I have two questions.
    I have heard general comments that at 12 C and 23 litres, one packet of yeast may not be sufficient?
    How should I add further yeast near bottling to ensure secondary fermentation is successful?
    Thanks, Pete

  59. The Brew Guru

    G’day Pete,
    One sachet of yeast should be sufficient to ferment a 23 brew with an OG less than 1.040, but don’t start it at 12C.

    If the pitching rate of lager yeast is less than 1g per litre, start the brew at 22C-24C for the first 12 hrs then drop the brew to desired fermentation temperature.

    Yes, lager yeast is likely to fall out of suspension when the brew sits at 4C. Yeast is required for secondary fermentation in the bottle. So, don’t bother to lager if you plan to bottle the beer.

    If you can see some sediment in the bottom of the bottles, there should be sufficient yeast to eventually carbonate the beer. Warm them to +18C then shake to suspend the yeast and allow to rest for another two weeks or so. This process may require repeating to achieve enough fizz in the beer.

    The Brew Guru

  60. Hal

    Hello Guru,

    Are the brewcellar dry yeasts gluten free?

    Thanks very much 🙂

  61. thursty2

    Hi Guru,
    Will Cooper’s Wheat Malt extract and European lager be a good match for brewing? Will it need further sugars if I’m looking for an alcohol % around 4.5 / 5?

  62. Horst Schnabel

    Good evening Master Brewer Guru,
    I am new to the art of brewing beer. I have achieved mixed results using ready made mixes from canes but reading many articles about brewing I got interested in trying the more traditional way of brewing. I have approx. 500 gr. each of cracked crystal grain and chocolate malted grain and 1kg of roasted barley grain along with a mixture of 750 gr.dextrose and 250 gr.of corn syrup. My question
    to you simply put is: What can I achieve with these ingredients? Your comments are very much appreciated.
    Thank you in advance

  63. John Cam

    I am wanting to make a XXXX Gold brew & have been advised by the seller to use Brew Cellar Premium Lager Yeast (15 Gms) but the the can comes with a Yeast (5 Gms) sachet. Why is there such a difference & which one should we use? Also is the 12g Cluster necessary? I wish to make a 3.5% A/C beer.

  64. Ian Brumley

    Good day
    I am, sadly, a lapsed home brewer as when I moved house, there was nowhere the temperature was consistent enough. I now want to start again as, 1 I hate paying nearly $50 for only reasonable beer and 2 because I used to enjoy it.
    My question is: I don’t have anywhere where the temperature is consistent so I plan to try to control the temperature. I have read many articles about fridge controllers, but have not been able to find a definitive answer as to whether you need a heat pad in a fridge along with the thermostat gizmo or whether the thermostat by itself will control the temperature sufficiently. It strikes me that using a heat pad/fridge combination would not be eco friendly as they would be competing with each other and chewing through the electricity, but a thermostat by itself would be realtively cost effective. I would be grateful for any advice you can give.


  65. The Brew Guru

    Re: Are the brewcellar dry yeasts gluten free?

    Yes they are.


    The Brew Guru

  66. The Brew Guru

    Re: XXXX Gold Brew

    Our BREW Cellar XXXX Gold recipe recommends fermenting at 12-18C with 15g BREWCellar Premium Lager yeast.

    I recommend that you make the brew as per the recipe then evaluate the beer. Make adjustments
    to the recipe if the beer does not meet your expectations.


    The Brew Guru

  67. The Brew Guru

    Re: Cooper’s Wheat Malt extract and European lager

    Yes, European Lager plus 1.5kg of Thomas Coopers Wheat Malt to 23 litres will produce a beer around 4.8%ABV. You might like to add some late hop such as hersbrucker or hallertau.


    The Brew Guru

  68. The Brew Guru

    Re: Good evening Master Brewer Guru,
    I am new to the art of brewing beer. I have achieved mixed results….

    Each specialty grain brings something different to the brew:
    Crystal Malt– residual sweetness (more body), colour and grainy/caramel/nutty characters
    Chocolate Malt – a hint of residual sweetness, significantly more colour and chocolate/grainy/licorice
    Roasted Barley – dry but more body, colour with red hues, grainy/astringency, coffee/mocha character

    Try each separately, at the rate of 100g to 200g, to get a feel for what character they impart to a brew

    The Brew Guru

  69. Horst Schnabel

    Brew Master Guru!
    Thanks for the tip and advice. I will start doing the Grain adding advice with my next light Ale as a base and change as a new brew is put down. Will be in touch to advice success or failure.
    Cheers Horst

  70. Garry

    Hello Brew Guru,
    I am making a batch T.Coopers Irish Stout 1.7kg can. I added 300gm Dextrose, 500gm Dark Dry Malt, 200gm Blackstrap Molases, 10ml Licorice, the supplied yeast and made the final volume up to 20ltrs (not 23ltrs). Day1=28C temp, 1.042 OG; Day2=32C, 1.014 SG; Day3=26C, 1.012SG; Day4=22C, 1.012SG. Is there a way of approximating what the Final Gravity should be based on the ingredients? I I usually wait 2-3days for a steady Gravity reading before bottling. I have had temp fluctuations due to using a heat pad and local temp fluctuations. Has this brew fermented too quickly?
    Regards Garry

  71. The Brew Guru

    Wow Garry! The fermentation temperatures are too high for this style of beer. The yeast will ferment the beer but it may create undesirable aromas and flavours.

    When you see a recommended temperature range, such as 21-27C, go for the lower end of the range.

    Final Gravity for this brew may be around the 1010 mark.
    The Brew Guru

  72. Geoff

    Hi Brew Guru,
    Today I purchased an Enzyme for Low Carb Dry Beers (brew Cellar of course)
    How much will this reduce the carbs / calories of the beer?? 20% 40% ??
    How does it work?

    Regards .. Geoff

  73. The Brew Guru

    G’day Geoff,

    If you scroll up to my response to Matt on March 24, 2010 it should answer your questions.


    The Brew Guru

  74. John M

    Hi Brew Guru.. On Friday 26/11/2010 I started a brew with 2 x Morgans Ironbark Dark Ale with 1 klg Brew Cellar Body Blend #10. I use a double size fermenter which I have been using for many years and it is in very good condition with seals being replaced regularly enough. I have only ever had one bad brew when I first started and that was because of inexperience (1989). Most of my brews are done with half the brewing sugars recommended because I like the taste but don’t need the alcohol!! It has never failed me even when I have used corn syrup powder alone in the past. It is my second Morgan’s brew, the first being a Royal Amber which I am not too impressed with. I have the same problem as one of your previous writers, i.e., no head retention!! Again first time for me because I haven’t had those problems before. MY PROBLEM at the moment is no bubbling in the airlock after 48 hours.. I have read the Morgans tip and yours. I will endeavour to take a hydrometer reading this evening but I am concerned enough not to venture into a Morgan’s brew again after 2 attempts.. I’ve had better results with other brands.
    Can you advise what else may be causing this. As said earlier, the fermenter is in good condition and there is no leak anywhere that I can detect with water seals etc. I don’t particularly want to open the fermenter at the moment. I maintain extremely high standards of hygene when brewing and have never lost a bottle in the past.
    I would appreciate your expert comments.

  75. John M

    Hi Brew Guru… Me again, John M. Took a reading and doing all its supposed to do, frothy and unclear.. Further inspection and added more water around the housing that holds the air lock… found the leak and sealed with water.. now bubbling well. Should be ok… Smells very nice and if it goes well… I might still use Morgans, depending on result..



  76. The Brew Guru

    G’day John,

    Sounds like you have it under control. Please let me know how it turns out.


    The Brew Guru

  77. mick

    thanks for your tme brew guru
    is morgans ginger beer gluten free and can i make it alcoholic and can the brew cellar set me up with all the gear that i will need

  78. Jeremy Collins

    Hi Guru,
    I have just bought a Coopers Mexican Cervasa and I was wondering how could I incorporate a lemon/lime flavour into the fermentation process. I was thinking about cutting a lemon or lime into segments and adding it to the wort???

    Any advice on this would be awesome,


  79. The Brew Guru

    G’day Mick,
    Morgan’s Ginger Beer contains malt extract therefore we cannot guarantee there is no trace of gluten.
    It can be made alcoholic or non-alcoholic. Keep in mind however when making a non-alcoholic brew there will be a very small amount of alcohol (approx 0.7% – 0.9%) due to the carbonation process.

    You can pick up a BREW Cellar micro brewery starter kit and a can of Morgan’s Ginger Beer from your local BREW Cellar stockist and you will have everything you need to get started!
    The Brew Guru

  80. The Brew Guru

    G’day Jezza,
    RE: Lime Infusion
    Lemon or lime can be added into the fermenting vessel, at around day 3 or 4 of the ferment, by using the zest of the fruit – start with just one in the first instance.
    Drop the zest into boiling water then take off the heat and allow to steep for 15 mins or so (this also pasteurises the zest). Then strain into the brew , no need to stir.

    The Brew Guru

  81. john cox

    how ya doing mate,just starting to bre my own beer have done 3 batches with great success ,must be doing something wrong.I have a question regarding alcohol content or lack of how can i boost alchol content without comprimising tast,and head retension

  82. Mick

    Hi Brew Guru – HELP we put down our first larger (Scharls European). It was pretty hard to get it to the right temp for pitching the yeast but got there in the end, it has been 3 days now and although the yeast looks active in the fermenter it is not bubling through the airlock??? Should I be worried? It is keeping at about 12-15C as per instructions – is it just slow because of the lower temp, We’re just not sure as all previous brews have been at 25C and we don’t have any experience with larger. Could really do with some help here. Cheers

  83. The Brew Guru

    G’day Mick,
    Ignore the airlock. Take regular readings with your hydrometer and you will know if fermentation is taking place.

    The Brew Guru

  84. PeterB

    Hi Brew Guru,
    I have found this forum a good source of info however I am interested in your response to another Peter on 2010.02.26 08:58 regarding secondary fermentation in the keg, then putting the keg in the fridge & using CO2 bulb & a beer out line to pour beer, as this may be a cheaper way for me to move away from the PET bottles without going for a full keg system given the price I have seen some kegs selling for on eBay.

    Please could you confirm the components I would need (my guess & questions below!) & also what amount & type you meant by a “little priming sugar” for secondary fermenting?

    – A 19l keg (any particular type?)
    – Beer Out line (what length, is this available from my local BrewCellar dealer?)
    – A beer gun to attach to beer out line
    – CO2 bulb (are these the ones @ 10cm long? How does this connect to the keg to repressurise?)

    Finally I presume I would brew in the normal way then fill the keg from my fermenter & simply add the sugar & stir?

    Many Thanks In Advance,
    PeterB – QLD

  85. The Brew Guru

    RE: Boosting Alc Content

    G’day John,
    Alcohol content may be increased by raising the Original Gravity (a measure of the density of the brew before adding the yeast).

    This can be done in a couple of ways:
    1. Add more fermentable sugars to the brew – better to add light malt rather than simple sugars such as cane sugar or dextrose. Perhaps start with an extra 500g.
    2. Decrease the volume of the brew – this concentrates the sugars, increasing the density, also increases colour, flavour and bitterness.
    The Brew Guru

  86. BREW Cellar

    RE: Kegging

    G’day Peter,
    To start with, go for ¾ the priming rate that you would use for bottles – this equates to about 6g per litre. You may decide that more or less priming sugar is needed next time.

    Any good quality steel keg with ball-lock posts will be fine.
    The length of beer line required depends on the inside diameter (ID) – 2metres of 4mm ID or 3metres of 5mm ID
    You could start with our KEGCHA which uses the CO2 bulbs, KEGBUL. Operate the charger from time to time to keep head pressure on the beer – this prevents it from becoming flat.
    The keg of beer is pressurised in the first instance through natural secondary fermentation.
    Ferment the beer then drop it into a clean and sanitised keg with priming sugar. Seal, invert the keg and rock it back and forth to dissolve the sugar and check the seal integrity of the keg. Leave to secondary ferment for at least 2 weeks.
    When ready to serve, place in the keg in a fridge for at least 24hrs, operate the pressure relief valve, connect the beer line and start pouring beer. The beer will be cloudy with the first few pours but will become more clear as you work through the keg. As the beer flow slows, increase the head pressure by operating the CO2 gas charger.

    The Brew Guru

  87. rockofclay

    Hi there, do you have any more information on your wheat beer yeast? I would like to know what strains it is similar to, and what is the ideal starter temperature.

  88. Matthew Clements

    Dear Brew Guru,
    When brewing ginger beer do you wait till it stops bubbling all together before bottling?
    I’ve got a brew on at the moment and unlike brewing other beers, where there is a clear and defined, start and stop to the brewing process, the ginger beer started off very gingerly( ha ha), and continues to ferment slowly over a week into brewing.
    Regards, Matt

  89. The Brew Guru

    G’day Matt,

    As with beer ingnore the airlock. Bottle once the SG (measured with your hydrometer) has stabilised over 2 days.


    The Brew Guru

  90. rik beaton

    Hey guru, I’m doing the James squire IPA but instead of a English ale yeast I’m using a us05 yeast. How will this change the brew?
    Many thanks

  91. The Brew Guru

    G’day Rik,
    The difference is likely to be quite subtle. US-05, when fermented in the recommended temperature range, tends to produce a cleaner tasting beer giving more emphasis to the hop character.


    The Brew Guru

  92. Mark Webster

    we have recently purchased a Brew Cellar Heating belt. We are using this on the large fementer. The outside of the belt gets very hot – too hot to touch. We would like to know if this is the norm? thanks

  93. The Brew Guru

    Hi Mark,

    If you have any concerns please take it back to the store you purchased it from and discuss it with them. It is difficult to comment without actually seeing it.


    The Brew Cellar Team

  94. Roger Brant

    HI Brew Guru
    I have been brewing for many years & have enjoyed many different styles & tastes.
    My tastes have changed over the years & am currently enjoying Pilsner style but would like to make it more hoppy!
    I have the ingredients for your recipe using Coopers Pilsener (Pilsener Urquell).
    Now my question is, should I pitch in all the hops (saaz)at once or add %ages to a simmering brew? I understand that you can get some interesting variations & I am prepared to give it a go!



  95. Chris

    Hi Guru,
    is it possible to make a heat pad for my fermenter?

  96. The Brew Guru

    RE: Heat Pad,

    I wouldn’t recommend it when you can purchase one from your local home brew specialty store and you will be getting something that is purpose built for the job.
    The Brew Guru

  97. The Brew Guru

    RE: Hopping
    G’day Roger,
    With the Morgan’s/Ellerslie Hop sachets you simply steep in a cup of boiling water for 10 minutes, then pour the whole lot (including the bag) into the fermenter and allow it to ferment with the bag in it.
    The Brew Guru

  98. johnno

    dear gurui have been brewing now for about 6 months,trying all sorts of different kinds of beers with gr8 success but still carnt find one that knocked my sox of ,until i found coopers mexican beer woww wat a drop of the nicest beer i have every had the pleasure of passing my lips .Just wanting to get some feedback from other brewers on this topic and your thoughts on that particular beer, 1 happy camper ……johnno

  99. The Brew Guru

    G’day Johnno,

    Thanks for your post. Yes It is a good drop. You might also like to try the Morgan’s Chairman’s Mexican Cerveza.

    The Brew Guru

  100. Sam D

    Hi guru, i’m still fairly new at home brewing and am looking to get a little creative, and i’m looking for some tips on incorporating either orange or honey into my beer… Any tips or recipes?? I read on a site that honey had to be pasturised among other processes and was quite difficult to successfully incorporate into a home brew, which sort of scared me off a little! Is this true?
    Cheers, Sam.

  101. The Brew Guru

    G’day Sam,
    Honey carries antibacterial properties and does not need to be pasteurised.
    Treat it in the same way as you would liquid malt extract.
    When using orange in beer, it’s the zest that you want. It needs to be pasteurised.

    Try this recipe.
    1.7kg Morgan’s Export Golden Sheaf Wheat Beer kit
    500g Light Dry Malt
    300g Dextrose
    15g Saaz hop pellets
    Zest from one orange
    1 tablespoon coriander seeds

    Crush coriander seeds, add to Saaz and Orange zest in a pot with about 2 litres of water (just on the boil) and allow to steep for 15-30mins. Strain it into the FV, mix with the other ingredients up to a volume of 23litres. Use the yeast with the beer kit or WB-06.

    The Brew Guru

  102. Sam D

    Thanks Guru,
    The last wheat beer i tried (which was the morgan’s), gushes continuously for about 10 min or so when opened, so i was not gonna try another one, but i will definitely try this recipe. Do i need to lessen the priming sugar at bottling? Or do you think it hadn’t finished fermenting when it was bottled?
    Cheers again, Sam.

  103. Dan

    Brewguru, Can you tell me please, what are the fermentation temperature ranges for Brewcellar “Premium Lager Yeast” & “European Lager Yeast”? Dan.

  104. HG

    Fermentation for Brewcellar Lager Yeast is 12-18 degrees Celcius (according to the Brewcellar recipe brochure.

  105. Eddie

    Hi Brewguru

    I was hoping you are able to help me with a recipe for a Canadian made beer which I believe originated from Europe. It is the Carling Black Lable Lager. All I can say is that it is sold in brown bottles, alcohol content is 5 % and it is also slightly more bitter than other lagers. I know I’m not giving you much here but a starting guideline would be great,

    Thanks and Cheers,


  106. Clarry


    Just a quick question regarding the use of carbonation drops for brewing Guinness/Kilkenny styke beer. How many drops should I use if any when bottling the brew. I thinking that using one drop per 740ml should do so that the beer is not too gassy.

    Also, was wondering if Brew Cellar had a recipe for brewing Asahi Super Dry style beer? Thanks. Clarry

  107. Bryan robson

    Brew guru I am pretty new to keg brewing and some times when I start pouring all I get is a jug of froth/ do you have any suggestions??

  108. The Brew Guru

    RE: Frothy keg beer,
    Excess froth on the first pour could be caused by:
    a. the beer out line and/or tap is warmer than fridge temperature
    b. not enough head pressure, allowing the CO2 gas to break out of solution in the beer out line
    The Brew Guru

  109. The Brew Guru

    RE: Carb Drops for Guiness style
    G’day Clarry,
    Guinness and Kilkenny are often served slightly warmer than Australian Draught beer. Many people halve the level of priming sugar for beer intended to be served slightly warmer – 8C or higher. Note: the creamy head is emphasized by the use of nitrogen, on draught systems and in widget cans.
    The Brew Guru

  110. The Brew Guru

    RE: Canadian Carling Black Label
    G’day Eddie, Although I don’t have a recipe for that particular beer it might be worth taking a look at our recipe for Grolsch in our recipe section.

    The Brew Guru

  111. johnny

    hi im brewiing ciers from pure juice but i cant get it to be sweet it comes out dry
    i use 4lt pure juice 1kg raw sugar make up to 19lt water+ yeast

  112. The Brew Guru

    RE: Sweet Cider
    G’day Johnny,
    Residual sweetness is achieved by using an artificial sweetener or lactose
    The Brew Guru

  113. Garry Codemo

    Hello Brew Guru. I am asking these questions in relations to a dietary requirement. Have you heard of anyone (commercial brew or home brew) who is using Amaranth or Quinoa or Buckwheat grain to make beer? I know that some use rice, millet or sorghum for gluten free beer. Have you come across any recipes using these products?
    Regards Garry.

  114. Vonscott Amarillo

    Hello Brew Guru
    I am looking to put together a Toohey’s Extra Dry for my Daughter’s partner. In the recipe section for local beers the recipe uses Golden Cluster hops. How long is the suggested boiling time for this recipe.

  115. Andrew

    hi,i’ve just started cooper’s home brewing.first batch was good,but usually drink xxxx got queenlander gold & 1kg body brew#10 & hops cluster 12gm.seems very dark for light beer is this
    right.The larger was lighter.first reading was 1035 at about 24c is this ok.I’ll leave for about 5 days & check on day 5 & 6 to see is reading is same for a few days.

  116. chris bastow

    Hello Brew Guru
    I have been brewing for the last year instead of bottles i went straight to kegs. i’m using the coopers lager. now in the summer months the brew was good but when i was doing it in winter months it wasn’t turning out the same heaps of head and no carbonation and tasted flat i haven’t changed the way i was making it kept it the same way i was doing it in the summer months i just put another 2 on today so can you give me any ideas

  117. Jeffery

    Mr Beer Guru,

    I’m looking at using Dry Enzyme in my next home brew. I’ve heard that this will lower the alcohol content of the mix. Wondering how much if it does, and of I want to counteract this can I add more sugar so that it brings it back to my normal 5%? On a normal 23l mix (I normally use 1kg dextrose) how much extra sugar will I need

  118. The Brew Guru

    RE: Cluster Hops/ Extra Dry Recipe
    G’day scott,

    Use the Morgan’s/Ellserslie finishing hops – steep in a cup of boiling water as per the instructions.

    The Brew Guru

  119. Anonymous

    RE: Kegging
    G’day Chris,
    Can you tell me some more info please?
    Was it force carbonation or natural conditioning?
    What was the head pressure from your gas bottle?
    What was the length and diameter of your beer line?
    The Brew Guru

  120. Anonymous

    RE: Dark Lager
    G’day Andrew,

    Can you tell me the date on the cans? Extract can darken with age and high temps.

    The Brew Guru

  121. trev

    hi guru how you gong just reading through the last fews years of questions , im doing my first brew today im going to use a keg system im brewing morgan aus larger i bought a package from the local shop brew shop im following the instructions on the can , i live in sydney metro ,ive just used tap water have i just made a mistake, ive done 23lt the first 2 lts hot water put the can in , dex n malt then 21lts cold water in a 35lt fermentor put the yeast bag on top of the lot the put the lid on tight with an air lock ,after say 7 days once ive tested it with the glass thing he gave me i will empty in the keg seal it up in a fridge for a week then carbinate with regulated bottle i got .what do you think really i have know idea just giving it a go.

  122. Sean


    I have been brewing for a while now, and I am just making the switch to a “brewing fridge” (a chest freezer with an electronic temperature control unit).

    With this setup I am able to set and control the exact temperature for fermenting, carbonating, and conditioning. This leads me to my questions:
    1. Where a temperature range is given, should I set the temperature to the middle of the range or to the bottom (eg Coopers Heritage Lager advises pitching temperature “22-24°C”, fermenting temperature “20°C or less / as low as 13°C”, carbonating temperature “at 18°C or above”)?
    2. If I carbonate in the “brewing fridge”, should I carbonate at 18°C, or should I carbonate in the same way as the initial ferment for the brew (e.g. for Heritage Lager – 22-24°C, reducing to 13°C)?
    3. How long should I keep the brew at carbonating temperature?
    4. After carbonating, what temperature should I store the brew at?
    5. If I want to store the brew in the garage, rather than in the “brewing fridge”, should I give the brew an initial “conditioning period” in the “brewing fridge” before storing at garage room temperature, and for how long?

    I would be obliged to receive an indication of the range, as well as the ideal, in answer to the above questions.

    I am also making a shift to kegs (19L Cornelius), but will be using natural carbonation for the kegs, and will continue to use bottles for the un-kegged portion of the brew, and for some brews in their entirety. Does the same advice apply to the kegs as to bottles?


  123. John

    G’day, I’m new to brewing. Just a quick question, what happens if my ale brew sits around 20 degrees. Will it still ferment? And at what temperature will the yeast stop working at all?

  124. ian

    Gday im new to the home brewing i done my second brew and it only bubbled for the first 2 days .
    I let it sit at a temp between 20 and 25deg for 6 days before i bottled it will it still be ok

  125. Brew Guru

    G’day Ian,

    Ignore the bubbling airlock. Always use your hydrometer to check your brew gravity. If you get the same hydrometer reading 24 hours apart you know it is finished.


    The Brew Guru

  126. Paul

    Hi Guru
    I have today begun the journey of home brew and purchased a starter kit today. I am keen (strange I know but it is on medical guidance) to keep alcohol content down as low as possible but still try different types of beers made at home. Is it simply enough to reduce the dextrose etc that I put in or is there more I can do to keep alcohol content down. I would like to try and get below the normal 2.9% where possible.


  127. Anonymous

    RE: Low Alc Beer,

    G’day Paul,

    You are on the right track. The less fermentable sugars you have the lower the alcohol will be.
    Here is how to calculate your alc content yourself:

    Calculate approximate alcohol
    percentage by subtracting the
    Final Gravity (FG) from the Original
    Gravity (OG), divide by 7.46 then
    add 0.5 (this allows for the secondary
    fermentation in the bottle),
    e.g. (1038 – 1008) / 7.46 + 0.5 =
    4.5% ABV.

    The Brew Guru

  128. Paul

    Hi Guru

    Loving this home brew activity and my brew cellar starter kit. Have made 2 great tasting low alcohol beers so far. I want to try the recipe in the Kilkenny style and would like to know if I can reduce the sugar content and keep the alcohol level down but keep the taste similar.


  129. Jimmy

    Hey Guru dude…..

    Wanting to do a larger type beer infused with Lemon/Lime, similar to the Millers or Carlton Dry Range they have atm. Just confused on when to add the Lemon? Also do i use the Juice or the Rind? Some are saying boil up 4 Lemons of Rind, Strain then add the water at the start of the fermentation, others are just saying put juice and rind of 4 lemons in at start of fermentation, then theres just put in 4 lemons of rind about 3 days before bottling?
    HELP! What do i do??????????
    (Also if i put rind in the fermentation tank will it just sink to the bottom or float around then end up in my bottles??)

    Thanks a million!

  130. Anonymous

    RE: lemon in your brew

    G’day Jimmy,

    Lemon or lime can be added into the fermenting vessel, at around day 3 or 4 of the ferment,
    by using the zest of the fruit – start with just one in the first instance.
    Drop the zest into boiling water then take off the heat and allow to steep for 15 mins or so
    (this also pasteurises the zest). Then strain into the brew , no need to stir.

    The Brew Guru

  131. Kahlim

    Hi there, so this is my first batch ever, its fermented for 5 days now i have tasted it, it tastes flatish but i can detect some oxygen in there, definately not sweet so i have put it in the fridge. I was mucking around with the pressure valve and let some out so ive whacked another bulb in on the beginning of day 6 (day 1 in the fridge), is this okay???? I dont quite undrstand if the co2 is always filtering in by itself or not? My pressure meter says 0 so im not sure, i did a pressure test and all did seem well. Help please

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